In October, David Blitzer, Managing Director and
Chairman of the Index Committee at S&P Dow Jones Indices, said home price
increases “appear unstoppable.” The latest reports on both the S&P
CoreLogic Case-Shiller Home Price Indices and the House Price Index (HPI) from
the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) do nothing too disprove that point.
The Case-Shiller National Index, which covers all nine
U.S. Census divisions, was up 6.2 percent in September compared to a 5.9
percent annual increase in August. There was little change in the monthly
index, with an increase of 0.4 percent before seasonal adjustment and 0.7
percent after, compared to gains of 0.5 and 0.7 percent in August.
The 10-City Composite Index grew 5.7 percent in the 12
months ended in September, up from a 5.2 percent gain posted in August. The 20-City Composite posted a 6.2%
year-over-year gain, up from 5.8% the previous month. The 10-City monthly results were 0.5 percent
unadjusted and 0.6 percent adjusted; the 20-City was 0.4 percent and 0.5
percent respectively. 15 of the 20
cities reported gains in September before seasonal adjustment, while all 20
cities reported increases afterward.
Seattle appears firmly planted in first place among
the 20 cities, reporting a 12.9 percent increase in home prices for the year
ended in September. Las Vegas followed
with a 9.0 percent, and San Diego was up 8.2 percent. Thirteen cities reported greater price
increases in the year ending September 2017 versus the year ending in August.
Blitzer said, “Home prices continued to rise across
the country with the S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller National Index rising at
the fastest annual rate since June 2014.
Home prices were higher in all 20 cities tracked by these indices
compared to a year earlier; 16 cities saw annual price increases accelerate
from last month. Strength continues to be concentrated in the west with
Seattle, Las Vegas, San Diego and Portland seeing the largest gains. The
smallest increases were in Atlanta, New York, Miami, Chicago and Washington.
Eight cities have surpassed their pre-financial crisis peaks.”
“Most economic indicators suggest that home prices can
see further gains. Rental rates and home prices are climbing, the rent-to-buy
ratio remains stable, the average rate on a 30-year mortgage is still under 4
percent, and at a 3.8-month supply, the inventory of homes for sale is still
low. The overall economy is growing with the unemployment rate at 4.1 percent,
inflation at 2 percent and wages rising at 3 percent or more. One dark cloud
for housing is affordability – rising prices mean that some people will be
squeezed out of the market.”
As of September 2017, average home prices for the MSAs
within the 10-City and 20-City Composites are back to their winter 2007 levels.
The National Index is now 5.9 percent
higher than it was at its peak in July 2006, while the 10- and 20-City
composites are within 1.5 percent and 4.0 percent of passing their previous peaks.
All three indices have risen 45 percent or more from their spring 2012 troughs.
FHFA reports that home prices were up 1.4 percent in
the third quarter, which ended on September 30, and gained 6.5 percent on an
annual basis. The change from August was
0.3 percent. The FHFA HPI rose 0.7
percent from July to August and 6.7 percent on an annual basis, so the
September numbers would indicate some slight slowing in appreciation. However, this index has swung between faster
and slower rates of appreciation on nearly a monthly basis all year,
Home prices on the HPI, which is based on home sales
price information from mortgages sold to or guaranteed by Fannie Mae and
Freddie Mac, rose in all 50 states and the District of Columbia from the third
quarter of 2016 to the third quarter this year. The top five increases were
posted in the District of Columbia, 11.6 percent; Washington State, 11.5
percent; Hawaii and Arizona, each at 10.0 percent; and Nevada, 9.6 percent. All
100 of the largest metro areas also posted annual gains with the Seattle metro
area up front at 14.6 percent.
Of the nine census divisions, the Pacific division
experienced the strongest annual appreciation, posting an 8.9 percent gain
since the third quarter of last year and a 1.7 percent increase since the
second quarter of 2017. House price appreciation was weakest in the Middle
Atlantic division, where prices rose 4.8 percent annually.
Analysts polled by Econoday had expected the price
increases to continue. They were looking for an 0.6 percent increase in the
FHFA HPI, stronger than the 0.3 percent reported. The consensus for the Case-Shiller 20-City
Composite was an increase of 0.4 percent unadjusted and an annual gain of 6.2
percent, both of which were spot-on.
The S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller Home Price Indices
are constructed to accurately track the price path of typical single-family
home pairs for thousands of individual houses from the available universe of
arms-length sales data. The National U.S. Home Price Index tracks the value of
single-family housing within the United States. The indices have a base value
of 100 in January 2000; thus, for example, a current index value of 150
translates to a 50 percent appreciation rate since January 2000 for a typical
home located within the subject market.
The National Index has a new all-time high of 195.51,
up from last month’s peak of 195.05. The
10- and 20-City Composites had readings of 217.27 and 203.50 respectively. Los Angeles claims the highest index reading
at 268.05. Detroit reclaimed the low
rung on the ladder after losing it to Cleveland for several months. Detroit’s
reading is 117.65