Housing Starts, Permits Stage Spring Recovery

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Both housing permits and housing starts recovered in
March from very disappointing performances in February. The New Residential Construction Report,
jointly issued by the U.S. Census Bureau and the Department of Housing and
Urban Development, has both indicators up for the month, and both beat analysts’
expectations.  Single family construction
however weakened from February rates.

Permits for privately-owned residential construction were
issued at the seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,354,000, a 2.5 percent
increase from the February rate of 1,321,000. 
The February number is an upward revision of the 1,298,000 originally
reported.  Permitting in March was up 7.5
percent
compared to the March 2017 rate of 1,260,000 units.

Analysts polled by Econoday had made a consensus
forecast of 1,315,000 units. The actual number was near the top of forecasts
which ranged from 1,300,000 to 1,356,000.

Permits for single-family units were at a rate of
840,000 units, down 5.5 percent from February’s level of 889,000, an upward
revision from the 872000 units originally reported.  The estimated permitting rate was 1.7 percent
ahead of the same month in 2017.  Permits
for construction in buildings with five or more units jumped 22.9 percent to an
annual rate of 473000, a year over year gain of 19.1 percent.

On a non-adjusted basis there were 115,300 permits for
residential construction issued in March compared to 92,100 in February.  Single-family permits rose from 62,200 to
74,800.

Housing starts rose 1.9 percent to 1,319,000 in March
from a revised (from 1,264,000) February estimate of 1,295,000 units. The March
results were 10.9 percent higher than the 1,189,000-unit rate in March 2017.

The March number exceeded analysts’ estimates which
ranged from 1,245,000 to 1,310,000.  The
consensus was a rate of 1,264,000 units.

Single-family starts slipped 3.7 percent from the
previous month to a rate of 867,000.  The
February estimate for single family units was revised down slightly, from
902,000 units to 900,000, leaving the year-over-year rate of starts higher by
5.2 percent.  Multi-family starts
increased by 16.1 percent to 439,000 units and were 23.7 percent higher than a
year earlier.

On a non-adjusted basis construction was begun on
106,900 units in March, up from 90,200 in February.  Single family starts numbered 71,500 and
62,500 respectively for the two periods.

The reports lone weak spot was housing completions
which lagged those in February by 5.1 percent. 
Houses were brought on line at a seasonally adjusted rate of 1,217,000
units compared to 1,282,000 in February. 
The latter number was revised down from the earlier report of 1,319,000
units. Completions remain higher than a year earlier by 1.9 percent.

Single-family completions dropped 4.7 percent to
840,000 units from 881,000 in February but were still 3.7 percent ahead of the
March 2017 number. Multi-family completions were down 5.8 percent for the month
but slightly ahead (0.8 percent) from the same month last year.

On a non-adjusted basis there were 93,600 units
completed in March, 64,600 of them single-family residences. The February
numbers were 88,100 and 61,200 respectively.

At the end of March there were 1,125,000 units of
housing under construction
nationwide, an increase of 0.3 percent form March.
Single-family units accounted for 504,000 of the total.  In addition, there were 156,000 permits that
had been issued but under which construction had not yet started.  Eight-eight thousand of those permits were
for single-family units.

The Northeast region had a 5.5 percent decline in
permitting compared to February but was up 1.5 percent from the previous March.
Starts increased 0.8 percent from February and were 13.8 percent higher than a
year earlier. Completions rose 7.4 percent and 31.5 percent compared to the two
earlier periods.

In the Midwest the rate of permits increased 9.0
percent from February and 6.8 percent from the same month in 2017. Housing
starts jumped by 22.4 percent month-over-month and 29.5 percent on an annual
basis. Completions increased by 0.6 percent from February but were down 14.9
percent compared to the previous March.

Permits in the south were up 2.1 percent for the month
and 1.4 percent for the year. Starts declined 0.6 percent from the February
rate and 1.9 percent year-over-year. 
Completions lagged those in February by 10.0 percent and were 6.8
percent lower on an annual basis.

The West saw permits rise 3.0 percent from February,
putting them 22.7 percent ahead of the March 2017 rate. Starts were down 1.5
percent from the prior month but gained 28.2 percent compared to the previous
March.  Units were completed at a rate
3.3 percent lower than in February but 22.2 percent higher than a year earlier.



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